Paul continues this line of reasoning by saying that if we who are jews by birth and not gentile sinners (v 15) know that we, too, believe in christ jesus in order to be justified by faith in christ and not by observing the law (v 16), then we must recognize that gentile sinners can be justified only by faith in christ jesus, not by. Judaizers are christians who adopt jewish customs and practices, especially those found in the law of mosesthe term is derived from the koine greek word ἰουδαΐζειν (ioudaizein), used once in the greek new testament (galatians 2:14), when paul publicly challenges peter for compelling gentile converts to early christianity to judaize. Paul was probably addressing an argument put forward by the men from james - we ie paul and peter are indeed jews by nature and not sinners derived from the nations (gentiles) on its face the argument breeds division, but paul uses it to develop his own argument against behaving in a divisive manner, such as peter showed himself doing.
Paul's point in romans 3:9-20 is that if the jewish people did have a privileged position by virtue of having the oracles of god (romans 3:2), then these oracles of god condemn them all as sinners, which puts them right back on equal footing with the gentiles. Paul's first argument regarding the main topic of the letter (2:11ff) was with peter's specific practice, not with judaizing theory (ie, i said to peter before all) notice again what the immediate problem was: peter was separating himself from table fellowship with the gentiles. Yet, not once did jesus ever call paul an apostle, even by luke's quotations taken from paul's claims to his encounter with jesus read for yourself paul's vision accounts in acts 9, 22 and 26 in these three accounts, the jesus whom paul met said paul would be a martus.
Before he met cornelius, peter had already been taught by god: what god has cleansed (the gentiles), you must not call common (acts10:15) the implication now is that gentile christian are still ceremonially unclean and contaminate jews by their presence in the room. 7 p icture the scene: an accused criminal stands before an impartial judge to receive his just sentence the legal proceedings begin with a court official reciting the laws of the kingdom. Justification by faith galatians 2:15-21 delivered 12/19/2004 this morning we are continuing our study of paul's letter to the galatians we need to review, to some degree, our last couple of times together so that our scripture for today will make sense and flow from the situation going on in antioch. B paul used that event by introducing his argument with the irony of the ceremonialist jew's way of thinking: we who are jews by nature [that is, born in the ethnic line of abraham and the recipient of the mark of the covenant] and not sinners from among the gentiles [sinners in their provenance from a non-covenanted people]—it is the.
Main points 1 paul among jews and gentiles the first essay serves as an introduction to the essays that follow the following chapters will demonstrate how such a doctrine of justification by faith was hammered out by paul for the very specific and limited purpose of defending the rights of gentile converts to be full and genuine heirs to the promises of god to israel. Clarke's notes on the bible we who are jews by nature - we who belong to the jewish nation - who have been born, bred, and educated jews and not sinners of the gentiles - ἁμαρτωλοι not without the knowledge of god, as they have been. Vs 2:15 - 15 we are jews by nature and not sinners from among the gentiles - paul writes that believers in christ are jews by nature and not gentile sinners 41 here, i believe that paul is referring to how the jewish race felt about those who were gentiles. From beginning to end, paul's proclamation hinged on the destruction of the barrier between jew and gentile which restricted gentile access to god and his kingdom hence compelling gentiles to judaize was tantamount to erecting the sociological barrier once again, undermining the gospel. A fifth way paul's eschatology guided his writing of galatians was in his discussion of the holy spirit's role in the christian life in fact, the role of the holy spirit was one of the main ideas paul had in mind as he wrote this letter.
Paul's apostleship to the gentiles is recognized alongside that of peter to the jews moreover, the right to proclaim the gospel without requiring circumcision and the jewish law is sealed by a handshake. Paul appeals to the old testament in order to support what is hardly an obvious notion to jews at the time: that jesus, a crucified and risen son of a working-class family, is the long-hoped for jewish messiah and that gentiles as gentiles are full and equal partners along with jews in this messianic age. For a first-century jew such as paul, there were really only two ethnic groups—jews and gentiles romans 1:18-32 establishes that the gentiles are sinners paul explains that even now the wrath of god is being revealed against all the ungodliness and unrighteousness of human beings who by this unrighteousness suppress the truth (v 18. Paul says, 'before your very eyes jesus christ was clearly portrayed as crucified' (3:1) he's saying, 'we proclaimed christ so clearly, it was as if you could see him for yourselves' that's how we help one another-not by imposing a set of rules, but by portraying christ crucified.
In other words, yes, this is a letter about how the human being is justified before god but it is, first and foremost, a letter about the relationship between jewish and gentile christ-followers. As gentile yeshua-believers separated from jewish yeshua-believers, these gentiles accepted paul's argument against law observance, apart from its context in which gentile yeshua-believers are equal to, yet distinct from, jewish yeshua-believers. Paul on jews and gentiles now before faith came, we were confined under the law, kept under restraint until faith should be revealed 24: so that the law was our custodian until christ came. Paul wrote his letter to the roman congregation to address some friction in the congregation between jews and gentiles both the jews and the gentiles in the congregation felt superior to one another the jews felt superior to the gentiles because they had been entrusted with the law as god's.
Guarding against a misunderstanding of his condemnation of jewish sinners in romans 2 is paul's concern in romans 3:1-8 that is why he reminds readers that jews have privileges as those who first received the oracles of god, privileges that gentile sinners do not share in the history of redemption (vv 1-2. Paul continues to build up his first theological argument by questioning the galatians how they are sanctified or brought to spiritual perfection (galatians 3:3) his question is rhetorical. Paul's second explanation of how good had come from israel's stumbling was his hope that as the apostle of the gentiles (romans 1113) he might cause jews to become jealous of and long for the blessings gentiles were receiving in christ.