Abo blood system and malarial infections essay

abo blood system and malarial infections essay The prevalence of infection in relation to abo blood group showed that blood group o+ had the highest prevalence with 429% followed by blood group a+ with 419% and groups ab+ and a- both tied with 333% while the least prevalence was recorded in blood group ab- with zero prevalence.

Blood cells leukocytes (wbc's) leukocytes also known as white blood cells (wbcs) are cells which play a defensive roll in the body against injury and infection they migrate towards tissues where they are needed and become functional performing various activities. Of the ~35 different current blood group systems, the abo blood group system, the focus of this answer, is considered the most important (see below from 1, 2, 3), especially for transfusion. Division of parasitic diseases and malaria cdc's malaria research was a reduction in the incidence of new malaria infections by 38% among all household members.

Dna preparation and abo histo-blood group system genotyping dna was extracted from frozen pellets of infected and non-infected erythrocytes us- ing the easy-dna tm extraction kit (invitrogen, carlsbad, ca, usa. The abo blood type is determined genetically each blood type can be identified by the absence or presence of agglutinogens with that being said, blood type o is a universal blood donor. Theabobloodgroupsystemand plasmodiumfalciparum malaria abo is the most important system for blood group abo antigen associations with infections and other. Falciparum infections amongst individuals of different abo and rh blood groups was statistically analyzed using chi-square (χ2) while the relationship between parasitaemia and age was analyzed using regression analysis.

3 the abo blood group system and plasmodium falciparum malaria the abo blood group system is arguably the best known, and yet the most functionally mysterious, genetic polymorphism in humans in. Hh blood group the bombay phenotype is a very rare histo-blood group phenotype in which h antigen, the precursor of the a and b blood group antigens, is absent from red cells and from all other parts of the body. Abo blood system and malarial infections - malarial infections are an ongoing epidemic that millions contract globally according to the recently published world malaria report by the world health organization (2013), during the year 2012, the number of known cases totaled 207 million with about 627,000 deaths. Malaria diagnosis and quantitation [3], in part because it can be used to detect other infectious diseases [4], has low incremental cost, is widely available, can measure parasite.

The antigens of the abo blood group system (a, b and h determinants, respectively) are complex carbohydrate molecules on the extracellular surface of red blood cell membranes 1 however, along with their expression on red blood cells, abo antigens are also highly expressed on the surface of a. Correlation between abo blood group and susceptibility to certain infectious diseases is well documented in studies of a chilean population, patients of blood group b had 50% greater probability than those of other blood groups of contracting escherichia coli urinary tract infections. A ll the manifestations of malarial illness are caused by the infection of the red blood cells by the asexual forms of the malaria parasite and the involvement of the red cells makes malaria a potentially multisystem disease, as every organ of the body is reached by the blood[1,2] all types of malaria manifest with common symptoms such as fever, some patients may progress into severe malaria. A number of studies were conducted to investigate the association between abo blood group system and some disease conditions - some of these studies reported significant associations, suggesting that abo blood groups have an impact on infection status of the individuals possessing a particular abo blood group [5] - [8].

In this study, they found blood group type o with the highest number of malarial infection of 513 percent followed by blood group type a with 235 percent, then blood group type b with 219 percent, and blood group type ab with the least number of malarial infections at 33 percent [7]. Relationship between abo blood group, rhesus factor and prevalence of plasmodium falciparum infection materials and methods blood group and rhesus factor were typed by agglutination using antisera while malaria. Malaria is a life-threatening mosquito-borne blood disease caused by a plasmodium parasite it is transmitted to humans through the bite of the anopheles mosquito. Composed of the heart, blood vessels, and blood, the cardiovascular system is the body system that carries out the tasks of pumping and transporting blood, oxygen, nutrients, and waste products, and other substances throughout the body. Malaria & medicines stand with us and end malaria whether you're researching new treatments or vaccines, if you are involved in preventive campaigns or if you are raising awareness through social media, every action counts.

Abo blood system and malarial infections essay

Bivariate analysis shows that malaria parasitemia was significantly associated with bed net utilization (), previous blood donation history (), and abo blood group but according to logistic regression analysis, only abo blood group is associated with malaria parasitemia. The abo blood groups consist of a, b and h antigens which regulate the protein activities during infection [5] in clinical practice, abo is the most important system for blood group compatibility. The knops blood group system may also influence malaria susceptibility, although conflicting results from different countries mean that further research is required. Association of abo blood groups with malaria: a study from bilaspur, chhattisgarh, india association of abo blood groups with malaria: a study from bilaspur, chhattisgarh, india huidrom suraj singh1 , pradipta kishore das 1 , subal das 1 (dsubalvu at gmail dot com) #, kaushik bose2 1.

Methods venous blood was collected from a total of 247 blood donors malaria status, abo, rhesus blood groups and hemoglobin concentration of all participants were determined using standard methods. Numerous associations have been reported between the abo blood group system and some disease conditions such as skin cancer , schistosomiasis , onchocerciasis , and hiv infection there are also reports on association of abo blood group with susceptibility, resistance, and severity of p falciparum malaria infection [ 10 - 15 .

Abo is the most important of all the blood group systems there are four different abo blood groups, determined by whether an individual's red cells carry the a antigen, the b antigen, both a and b antigens, or neither antigens. Malaria infection and its relation to abo blood abo blood group system is genetically controlled and of malaria infection in different blood groups, to study. The protein is also the receptor for the human malarial parasites plasmodium vivax, plasmodium knowlesi and simian malarial parasite plasmodium cynomolgi [8] polymorphisms in this gene are the basis of the duffy blood group system. In another study, it has been suggested that, subjects of blood group o are able to produce igg antibodies to non-self abo system antigens more readily than those of group a or b because there is a greater antigenic disparity between blood group o and groups a/b than that between blood groups a and b.

abo blood system and malarial infections essay The prevalence of infection in relation to abo blood group showed that blood group o+ had the highest prevalence with 429% followed by blood group a+ with 419% and groups ab+ and a- both tied with 333% while the least prevalence was recorded in blood group ab- with zero prevalence. abo blood system and malarial infections essay The prevalence of infection in relation to abo blood group showed that blood group o+ had the highest prevalence with 429% followed by blood group a+ with 419% and groups ab+ and a- both tied with 333% while the least prevalence was recorded in blood group ab- with zero prevalence. abo blood system and malarial infections essay The prevalence of infection in relation to abo blood group showed that blood group o+ had the highest prevalence with 429% followed by blood group a+ with 419% and groups ab+ and a- both tied with 333% while the least prevalence was recorded in blood group ab- with zero prevalence. abo blood system and malarial infections essay The prevalence of infection in relation to abo blood group showed that blood group o+ had the highest prevalence with 429% followed by blood group a+ with 419% and groups ab+ and a- both tied with 333% while the least prevalence was recorded in blood group ab- with zero prevalence.
Abo blood system and malarial infections essay
Rated 4/5 based on 38 review

2018.